By completing training in both areas of medicine, oncologists / hematologists are uniquely situated to provide care for both blood-related disorders and malignant diseases (cancers), as well as the types of cancer that affect the blood. These include lymphoma, myeloma and leukemia, among others. Due to the complexity of these types of disorders, oncologists / hematologists are often consulted by other physicians and specialists. When providing care for these and other diseases, oncologists / hematologists often serve as part of a multidisciplinary medical team.
Hemophilia is a disorder in which blood doesn't clot normally and excessive internal and or external bleeding is likely to occur after any injury or damage. Symptoms include many large or deep bruises, joint pain and swelling, unexplained bleeding, and blood in urine or stool. Treatment includes injections of a clotting factor or plasma.
Formerly known as Hodgkin’s Disease, Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer in part of the immune system called the lymphatic system. It can occur at any age, but is most common between 20 and 40 and those over 55. In Hodgkin's lymphoma, cells in the lymphatic system grow abnormally and may spread beyond it.
Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia that occurs when blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells which carry oxygen to the body's tissues. In iron-deficient blood, there is a lack of iron.
Leukemia occurs when there is a malignant progression in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal white cells. These suppress the production of normal blood cells, leading to anemia and other symptoms.
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, part of the body’s immune system. The lymphatic system includes the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow. Lymphoma can affect all those areas as well as other organs throughout the body. There are many kinds of lymphoma but the main types are Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer that initiates in white blood cells which are a vital part of the body’s immune system. NHL is a term that's used for many different types of lymphoma that all share some of the same traits. NHL can strike at any age, but it most often affects adults. Typically, it starts in lymph nodes or other lymph tissue.
Sickle-Cell Disease is the umbrella term for a group of disorders that cause red blood cells to become misshapen from their normally round to sickle shaped. An inherited disorder, the cells die early, leaving a shortage of healthy red blood cells and can block blood flow causing pain. Symptoms include infections, pain and fatigue. Treatments are available including medications and blood transfusions, and on rare occasion bone marrow transplants.
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